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What are GERD Symptoms Acid Reflux

           GERD is can be a terrible and even silent condition that does damage before it is even realized or diagnosed. GERD stands for Gastro esophageal reflux disease. Gerd is a condition that can be caused by many different things including seemingly benign activities such as consistently eating meals within one hour or less before going to bed at night, to genetic abnormalities of the lower esophageal sphincter, to hiatal hernias of the stomach protruding above the natural opening in the diaphragm. Sometimes symptoms can mean other causes so it is best to have them checked out by a qualified physician or your primary care doctor. Read the common causes of GERD below.



Common Causes of Gerd

         While there are other causes of gerd some of the more common ones include the following. Sometimes genetic abnormalities in the lower esophageal sphincter can contribute to heartburn and gerd. The lower esophageal sphincter is a one way valve at the junction between the esophagus and stomach that opens to let food and liquids into the stomach and then closes to keep the acidic juices of the stomach from flowing back up into the esophagus to cause damage to the esophageal lining. The stomach has a special coating on it to protect itself from acid damage to the stomach lining. However the esophagus does not have this special type of coating so the lower esophageal sphincter valve is there to protect your esophagus from stomach acid damage. In certain GERD patients this valve does not close properly due to damage or bad genetics. Sometimes it also closes in a delayed fashion after eating which allows some time for the acids to come up.

         Another common cause of gerd is a hiatal hernia. A hiatal hernia is a type of stomach hernia in which the upper part of the stomach actually slides through a hole in the diaphragm. When this occurs and the stomach stays there for a prolonged period of time the ability of the lower esophageal sphincter to close will be interfered with and the symptoms of GERD can get worse.

Symptoms of GERD

        There are many different symptoms of gerd you can review that may also be caused by other conditions so you should never self diagnose and always consult a qualified healthcare professional to diagnose your symptoms. The most common symptom of gerd is excessive heartburn or reflux of gastro fluids into the esophagus after meals, during meals, during the day, or even while sleeping at night. Heartburn symptoms that are present quite often or that increase in frequency may be a cause for concern.

        Another symptom of gerd is continually waking up in the morning with sore throats caused by refluxed acid into esophagus at night while you are sleeping. While morning sore throats can be caused by keeping a fan on at night or breathing in cold air or even dehydration when you have other symptoms of gerd present along with sore throats after sleeping that may be from the stomach acid.

        Less common symptoms of gerd include adult onset asthma. Adult onset asthma many times is a condition of gerd. There are several theories as to why gerd causes asthma. One popular theory is that the gastric acid particles that reflux into the esophagus are sometimes breathed into the lungs triggering an immune system reaction as well as excessive mucous production. Another prevailing theory is that the refluxed acid triggers certain nerves at the bottom of the esophagus that are connected to the bronchi and lungs causing them to inflame.



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