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How to Do the Scientific Method Correctly

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          The scientific method is a process scientists use to develop a hypothesis, run experiments, and create a theory. It is a somewhat structured way of solving scientific problems and coming up with scientific discoveries. The scientific method has been around in some form or other since the time of Aristotle. Whether you need to learn the scientific method for school or are a field scientist making new exciting scientific discoveries follow the steps below to perform the scientific method with ease.


Step 1

Observation is the first step in the scientific method. Observation entails watching the world around you. This could be anything from noticing how certain plants and animals behave to observing unexplained phenomenon in the world. When you are in the observation mode pay close attention to detail and keep a way of recording your findings. This may be in the form of recording information on a spreadsheet, in a journal, or on a laptop.

Step 2

Forming a hypothesis is the second step of the scientific method. It generally means coming up with an explanation of why you are observing what you are seeing. This hypothesis is basically an educated guess as to the reason why things happen the way that they do. In order to form a hypothesis you must use all the previous knowledge and experience you currently posses to make the most educated decision. In addition you must form a hypothesis that is testable through experimentation which is the next step in the scientific method.



Step 3

Experimentation is the third step in the scientific method. After you have formed your hypothesis you must run experiments to try to validate that hypothesis. The experiments will recreate what you have observed in step one and take it one step further in order to prove the hypothesis you formed in step 2.


Step 4

Scientific MethodForming a theory is the final step. You must take the results of your experimentation from step 3 whether they prove your hypothesis or not and form a theory. If the results of the experiments prove your hypothesis then it will be easy to form your theory. If the experiments do not prove your hypothesis, you will be taken back a few steps. You will have to form a new hypothesis and retest until you prove it.



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